Turner syndrome is the most common genetic disorder found in females, about 1 in every 2,000 live female births. Girls with Turner syndrome are missing all or part of one of their two X chromosomes. Turner syndrome occurs randomly and is not inherited.
Characteristics of Turner Syndrome
Females with Turner syndrome (TS) can have many different symptoms but similar distinctive characteristics. Almost all girls with TS have short stature, with an average height of 4’8″ without medical intervention. Infertility occurs in approximately 95% of females with TS. Girls and women are also at higher risk for problems with their heart, kidney, ears/hearing, digestion/feeding, teeth, autoimmune including celiac disease, hypothyroid, diabetes, liver, and more. No two individuals with TS present exactly the same.
Treating Turner Syndrome
Turner Syndrome has no cure, but many of its symptoms can be treated. Growth hormone is available for short stature as well as for bone density and organ growth. Hormone replacement therapy allows girls to go through puberty and strengthens bones. Following the recommended TS Care Guidelines help to provide the best medical outcome available.